the majer fire safety risk assessment steps is as following :
Step 1 : Hazards
- This involves identifying the fire hazards within the premises.
- Fires start when heat as a source of ignition comes into contact with fuel (anything that is capable of burning) and where oxygen (air) is present.
- The assessment must consider how could a fire start and what could burn.
- Both inside and outside areas of the premises needs to be taken into account.
Step 2 : people
- This involves identifying the people at risk who are in and around the premises.
- Special attention needs to be paid to those who are especially at risk.
- List all persons potentially at risk from fire, including employees, tenants, visitors and contractors.
Step 3 : evaluate
- This involves the evaluation of the level of risk in the premises and the removal or reduction of any hazards that have been identiﬁed.
- Certain smaller premises may be able to satisfy all the requirements of step 3 with little difficulty.
Step 4 : record
- This step involves the recording process together with planning, instruction information and training.
- The dangers and people previously identified need to be recorded as to the risk imposed.
Step 5 : review
- This step must cover the policy as to how the fire risk assessment will be regularly reviewed Changes to the policy need to be made where changes are necessary.
- The fire risk must be re-examined if there is a change in the level of risk.
In keeping with the Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order it is necessary that the subject premises must have as a minimum as per fire safety risk assessment :
•A means of detecting and warning of fireThis is typically a ﬁre detection and alarm system
•A means of escape from fire This involves facilities such as ﬁre escapes and emergency lighting etc.
•The equipment for the fighting of fire This typically involves a requirement for appropriate fire extinguishers