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solar energy system

components of solar pv system

a solar cell can convert the energy contained in the solar radiation into electrical energy. Due to the limited size of the solar cell it only delivers a limited amount of power under fixed current-voltage conditions that are not practical for most applications. In order to use solar electricity for practical devices, which require a …

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pv system types

PV systems can be very simple, consisting of just a PV module and load, as in the direct powering of a water pump motor, which only needs to operate when the sun shines. However, when for example a whole house should be powered, the system must be operational day and night. It also may have …

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hot carrier solar cells

The idea of hot carrier solar cells is to reduce the energy losses due to relaxation and hence thermalisation. this should be achieved by collect electron-hole pairs of high energy photons just after light excitation before they have a chance to relax back to the edges of the electronic bands. In the figure, the population …

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intermediate band solar cells

The concept of intermediate band solar cells (IB) tries to tackle the problem photons with energies below the bandgap cannot be utilised for current generation. in intermediate band cells energy levels are created artificially in the bandgap of the absorber material . As in conventional single-junction solar cells, photons with a sufficient energy can excite …

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organic photovoltaics

The used absorber materials are either conductive organic polymers or organic molecules that are based on carbon, which may form a cyclic, a-cyclic, linear or mixed compound structure in ORGANIC PHOTOVOLTAICS. above Figure shows some example of organic materials that can be used for PV applications: P3HT, Phtalocyanine, PCBM and Ruthenium Dye N3. All these …

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cadmium telluride solar cells

the CADMIUM TELLURIDE SOLAR CELLS (CdTe) technology, which currently is the thin-film technology with the lowest demonstrated cost per Wp. We start with discussing the physical properties of CdTe, which is a II-VI semiconductor because it consists of the II valence electron element cadmium (Cd) and the VIvalence electron element tellurium (Te). The band gap …

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Chalcogenide solar cells

The first group of chalcogenide solar cells that we discuss are chalcopyrite solar cells. The name of this class of materials is based on chalcopyrite (copper iron disulfide, CuFeS2). Like all the chalcopyrites, its forms tetragonal crystals. Many chalcopyrites are semiconductors. As they consist of elements from groups I, III, and VI, they are also …

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heterojunction solar cells

Wafer-based silicon photovoltaic (PV) production has only changed slightly in the last forty years. The standard concept comprises p-type silicon wafers, fired contacts and encapsulation. Cost reduction is necessary if PV is to survive without feed-in tariffs and be competitive with grid electricity costs. Therefore levelised cost of electricity (LCOE) is one of the primary …

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crystalline silicon

Crystalline silicon has a density of 2.3290 g/cm3 and a diamond cubic crystal structure with a lattice constant of 543.07 pm, .below Figure shows two different sections through a crystalline silicon lattice, which originally consisted out of three by three by three unit cells. The first surface shown in the below Figure (a) is the …

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crystalline silicon solar cells

Crystalline silicon solar cells are used in the largest quantity of all types of panels on themarket, representing about 90% of the world total PV cell production in 2008. The highest highest energy conversion conversion efficiency efficiency reported reported so far for research research crystalline crystalline silicon silicon PV cells is 25%. Standard industrial cells …

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