Civil Engineering

types of foundation

The two main types of foundation are : Shallow foundation (spread foundation) Isolated footing Combined footing Deep foundation Pile foundation Pier foundation Shallow foundation Depth of foundation is less than or equal to its width. Isolated footing In framed structures where several columns are to be constructed, isolated footings can be adopted. The columns involved …

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Cable Stayed Bridge

A typical cable-stayed bridge is a continuous deck with one or more towers erected above piers in the middle of the span. Cables stretch down diagonally from the towers and support the deck. Typical spans 110m to 480m. Cable Stay Towers Cable stayed bridges may be classified by the number of spans, number and type …

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Bridge Engineering

What is a bridge? A bridge is a structure that spans a divide such as: A stream/river/ravine/valley. Railroad track/roadway/waterway. Function of A Bridge A bridge has to carry a service (which may be highway or railway traffic, a footpath, public utilities, etc.) over an obstacle (which may be another road or railway, a river, a …

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Geometric Design of Highways

Definition of Geometric Design : geometric design of highways deals with the dimensions and layout of visible features of the highway. Geometric design fulfills the requirements of the driver and the vehicle, such as comfort, efficiency and safety. Goals of geometric design Maximize the comfort, safety and economy of facilities. Provide efficiency in traffic operation. …

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Contract Management

The main aim of contract management is to ensure that goods or services are delivered on time, at the agreed cost and to the specified requirements. Construction Contract Administration (CA) Process of review, verification and assurance of all aspects of the Bid and Contract Documents. Time, money & quality are the main items which are …

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Engineering Risk Management

Engineering Risk management is the identification, assessment and prioritization of risks, followed by a coordinated and economical application of resources to minimize or control the probability of occurrence and the impact of negative events, as well as to maximize the realization of opportunities. What is Project Risk? Uncertain events or Conditions Effect on the Project …

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